An ICCUP in
Barbara Pertzel and Fiona Walters
HistorySmiths Pty Ltd
A Centenary of Federation History and Education Project
Cast of Characters
The Chorus, group of Australians who narrate, sing the national anthem and backup vocals when required and enact events described by The Witnesses (see below).
Court Clerk of the Intergalactic Court of Appeal (ICA).
The Judges, who preside on the ICA bench:
Six out of this world (alien) judges:
Judge 1, Judge Whatsup Watchit
Judge 2, Judge Vilmot Sventufoure
Judge 3, Judge Maugro Disnasterly, the nasty, impatient Judge
Judge 4, Judge Augerly Antabergruntly Forge
Judge 5, Judge Phssszzz
Judge 6, Judge Histeremion Natur Ally Gorgeous, the wistful Judge
Australian Judge, the representative of Planet Earth on the ICA bench.
Smithy (Sir Charles Kingsford Smith), aviator and time-traveller.
Information Officer (IO), alien life form in charge of Super Speed Information Transfer to Smithy.
Ginger, an Australian primary-school-aged child, adventurous spirit, confident, best friend of Felix.
Felix, another Australian primary-school-aged child, best friend of Ginger, slightly bookish, cautious, but very knowledgeable about Australian history.
The Witnesses: Six prominent Australians chosen from the 100 years of Australias history since Federation. Each is a representative from the six major themes as set out in the representatives charts:
Douglas Mawson, Antarctic explorer, representing Advance Australia.
Mum Shirl (Colleen Shirley Smith), welfare worker, representing Australians All.
Kay Cottee, first woman to sail solo around the world, representing Girt by Sea.
Gustav Weindorfer, Austrian migrant who became an Australian citizen, farmer, naturalist and conservationist, representing Golden Soil, Wealth for Toil.
Kylie Minogue, internationally successful entertainer, representing Natures Gifts.
Sir Edward Weary Dunlop, doctor and officer, representing Young and Free.
Director, in charge of the music video rehearsal.
Backup 1, along with Backup Singer/Dancers, involved in the music video rehearsal, played by members of the Chorus.
Warder, on reception duty at the prison.
Act I, Prologue
The year is 2038. Over the last ten years, the population of the Universe has grown so huge that the space-time continuum is now desperately overcrowded. To try to find a solution, representatives from all known, inhabited planets of the Universe have attended a meeting on the centrally located Lymmorxia Six. The Intergalactic Council Controlling Universal Population (or ICCUP for short) has devised a plan. ICCUPs plan is to RECYCLE some countries from every planet in the Universe. Countries are chosen at random and have the right to appeal against being recycled. If a country can prove it has anything to be really proud of, it is allowed to stay in the space-time continuum.
A synthesizer plays space music while the chorus gives the following speech.
The combined voices of the Chorus echo through the audience.
The lines should not be rushed. (The year 2038 is pronounced twenty-thirty-eight. ICCUP is pronounced as one word, ik-up, not spelled out, i, double c, u, p.)
The year is twenty-thirty-eight, the
A Universal crisis loomswe may not last the week!
On every single planet where theres
lifethe pictures poor
The natural ecosystems now are failing by the score!!
The Universe has grown TOO FULL, resources
have run out
Our only hope: to meet, and form a plan that has some clout!!!
Upon a central planet (with the name
The planets representatives came up with this quick fix.
The council, known as ICCUP, will choose
And wipe them out, recycling them, so others can live free.
Each country to be doomed will have the
right to an appeal
They must research their history to find some pride thats real.
A country that can make a case of reasons to
Will be reprieved from being axed, its right to live avowed.
But should a country fail to prove a reason
to be proud,
ICCUP exterminates it in a protoplasmic cloud.
Today a country fights to live! Can this one
prove its worth?
Now join the court for ICCUP v. Australia, Planet Earth.
Place: the Intergalactic Court of Appeal.
Time: the year 2038.
The Court Clerk and Smithy are on stage. The members of the Chorus file in and sit down to observe the case.
Court Clerk: All rise.
Chorus members make sounds of shuffling feet and shifting chairs. The full bench of seven intergalactic judges (six from alien planets and one from Australia, Planet Earth) enter and take their seats on the bench.
Court Clerk: On this twenty-fourth day of January twenty-thirty-eight, the Intergalactic Court of Appeal is now in session. Please be seated.
Chorus makes sounds of shuffling feet and shifting chairs, perhaps some coughing and clearing of throats.
Court Clerk: This is case number 20-38Alpha4-2-5-7Beta3 in the matter of ICCUP (The Intergalactic Council Controlling Universal Population) versus Australia, Planet Earth.
Judge 6: Which planet is it?
Australian Judge: Planet Earth.
Court Clerk: The issue before us today concerns an APPEAL on behalf of Australia against ICCUPs decision to EXTERMINATE and RECYCLE that country.
Judge 4: Planet Earth? Which one is that, exactly?
Australian Judge: You know the Milky Way?
Judge 4: Yes.
Australian Judge: Well, in the Orion arm of the Milky Way galaxy, theres a very nice little solar system with nine planets; and the blue planet third from the centre is Earth.
Court Clerk: ICCUPs accusation is that since Australia became a federated nation it has done NOTHING of which it can be proud, and can therefore be DELETED from the space-time continuum. Appearing for Australia is Sir Charles Edward Kingsford Smith.
Judge 1: What have you got to say on behalf of Australia, Smithy?
Smithy: I uh muh My minds a blank. I got here so suddenly. I dont even know what Im doing here. One minute it was 1935, I was flying over the Bay of Bengal and then phhhhhht! Im here(Looking around the courtroom) wherever here isand you tell me its the year twenty-thirty-eight! Im terribly confused.
Judge 2: Didnt you get your information pack?
Smithy: (Holding up a file containing a pile of papers.) Do you mean this? Someone just pushed it into my hands and told me to REMEMBER hard. Then they put a strange-looking cap on my head, and thousands of pictures Id never seen before ran through my brain.
Judge 1: Yes, well, THAT was your crash course in Australian history in the 103 years since you (Judge 1 suddenly gasps and jumps as Judge 2 elbows Judge 1 in the ribs)
Judge 2: (Whispering in Judge 1s ear so Smithy does not hear.) Youll FREAK HIM OUT if you tell him he DIED 103 years ago!
Judge 1: (Nods and then continues speaking.) ah since you were (finding the right words) last on Earth. (Turns to Judge 2 and smiles. Judge 2 smiles back approvingly.)
Judge 2: Thats right! We gave you the facts and brought you here to RESCUE Australia. Now what have you got to say on behalf of that nation? What has Australia got to be proud of?
Smithy: I I I cant think. You havent given me time to prepare.
Judge 3: Hurry up man, time is running out.
Judge 4: I dont think he can remember anything. I think wed better load him up again!
Judge 3: All right, but make it fast. BRING IN THE INFORMATION OFFICER!
Enter Information Officer (IO) carrying Super Speed Information Transfer (SSIT) Cap.
IO: (Places and holds the SSIT Cap on Smithys head.) Ready for Super Speed Information Transfer (Removes hands from the SSIT Cap and stands back.) CLEAR (brief pause) Commence!
Smithy shakes violently in his seat and his eyes spin round and round as the events of one hundred years of Australian history race through his head. IO looks at his watch and counts 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
IO: Super Speed Information Transfer is now complete. (IO takes off cap and exits.)
Smithy: Er, er um, ah (Desperately shuffles the papers in his information pack. Starts reading from the first his eyes can focus on. Smithy begins to recite the lyrics, a little uncertainly at first but getting more confident as he goes along.) Chorus from their seats, not facing the audience, begin to sing the National Anthem softly in the background, then get louder and louder.
Australians all let us rejoice
For we are young and free
With golden soil and wealth for toil
Our home is girt by sea
Our land abounds in Natures gifts
Of beauty rich and rare
In historys page let every stage
Advance Australia fair
Judge 5: Hold it! Hang on a minute. What does all that mean? Thats a SONG, not a CASE. Australians all? Who do you mean by that?
Judge 6: And what do you mean, young and free. How does that work, when Australia is clearly many millions of years old?
Judge 4: You mentioned golden soil now that REALLY puzzles me because anyone who has orbited your planet Earth will tell you that much of Australias soil is red! And what does wealth for toil actually mean?
Judge 1: I want to see evidence of some of these things you call Natures gifts. If Nature has GIVEN them to you, then how can YOU be proud of them?
Smithy: Well, you see its
Judge 2: And just who, exactly, has Advanced Australia? Who?
Smithy: Well, theres
Judge 4: Look, Smithy, weve all reviewed your information pack. YOUR job is to tell US whats SO IMPORTANT about Australia that it DESERVES to remain in the space-time continuum.
Smithy: I need an adjournment.
The Judges let out a loud, collective judicial groan.
Smithy: Im sorry, but I need time to collect evidence, summon witnesses! I have had no time to put a case together. Give me an adjournment and I PROMISE I will prepare a good case for the Defence.
All seven Judges put their heads together and have a private discussion. Judge 3 doesnt want to give Smithy any more time, but the Australian Judge argues that they MUST grant an adjournment. The other Judges join in the haggling as to HOW MUCH time to give Smithy. Judges 1 5 all stop and look at the Australian Judge.
Australian Judge: You are a Frequent Flyer, Sir Charles?
Smithy: Ah yes. I do fly (pause) frequently.
The Judges resume their discussion. Smithy has obviously earned enough Frequent Flyer points to be given a time-travel package in order to collect witnesses to give evidence to support Australias appeal.
Australian Judge: It is clear that, in order to prepare your case, you will need to travel back in time.
Judge 1: You must find some examples of WHAT Australia has to be PROUD of
Australian Judge: narrow your search to the period of 100 years after Australia became a federated nation.
Judge 2: Use your information pack to choose the examples.
Australian Judge: You will be allowed to bring back witnesses to give evidence in this case. The Court has decided to award you a Frequent Flyer Time-Travel package with a total of seven stopovers.
Judge 3: You can have no more than seven stopovers because we cannot be adjourned forever.
Australian Judge: After your seventh stopover you must return to this court and present your case. If you fail to meet that deadline you will leave us with no choice but to DELETE Australia from the space-time continuum and RECYCLE it for resources. It will have no past, and therefore no future! Do you understand all that Smithy?
Smithy: Yes, Your Worships! (To the Australian Judge) I wont let you down. (To the audience) I must rescue Australia from EXTERMINATION!
Australian Judge: I hope you do!
Judge 1: This court is adjourned until tomorrow morning, at the rise of the third sun. (Bangs gavel on desk.)
Court Clerk: All rise.
All the Judges stand and exit stage left. Smithy flings his flying scarf over his shoulder dramatically, pulls his flying goggles over his eyes and exits in a rush stage right. BLACKOUT.
The desperation of the case spurred Smithy
on to dare
To fly through timewithout a cluebut with a courage rare!
With his Southern Cross-turned-time machine,
in SECONDS Smith could reach
Past DECADESand he soon splashed down on this Australian beach.
Place: a beach anywhere on the Australian
coast, except Bondi.
Time: the present.
Offstage, or acting as a living ocean, the Chorus hums Advance Australia Fair. One at a time, they start chanting: The roar of the surf, the roar of the surf, the roar of the surf, Crassshhhh. Repeat until all members of the Chorus are chanting, then fade.
Enter Ginger stage left, carrying a towel and a boogie board. Walks to downstage centre, places board down but still upright. Looks off to stage right. Sighs, then looks impatiently stage left.
Ginger: Come on, Felix! The water looks great.
Enter Felix (awkwardly) carrying towel, boogie board, bucket, spade, beach umbrella, sun cream, sun hat, and wearing goggles, snorkel, flippers.
Felix: Im going as fast as I can! (Clomps to downstage centre where Ginger (now with back to audience and looking skywards) has been distracted by the sound of an aeroplane with engine trouble.)
Noises off: Sound of prop aeroplane engine, as if it is stopping and starting. Use sound effects or Chorus voices.
Felix turns back to audience too and follows Gingers gaze. Both look skyward and follow aeroplane across the sky from stage left to offstage right, where plane crashes into sea.
Felix and Ginger drop all their gear in a big pile, and rush off stage right. Return pulling end of Southern Cross on to stage (upstage right). Smithy is seated in Southern Cross covered in seaweed and assorted sea creatures.
Smithy: (Coughing and spluttering) Oh! I say! That was a bit rough! Lucky I hit the water! Oh! Whats that? (Dives down under the cockpit-seat and comes up struggling with gummy shark.) Non-paying passenger! Back into the ocean with you! (Throws shark offstage right.)
Ginger and Felix (puffing from the exertion involved in pulling the Southern Cross from the ocean) move down-stage centre (back towards their pile of gear) watching Smithy suspiciously as they go. Smithy gets out of the plane still pulling bits of seaweed and fish from his clothing. He sees Ginger and Felix.
Smithy: Ah! At last! Thank goodness Ive found you! (Smithy walks towards Ginger and Felix.)
Ginger and Felix take a couple of steps back, but are blocked by their pile of gear.
Smithy: (Still holding out his hand.) Smithys the nameCharles Kingsford Smith. I say, youre awfully young for Bondi Surf Lifesavers! Never mind, Im glad youre here. We should get going immediately. Theres no time to lose!
(Ginger and Felix look at each other, then turn to run off stage left. Smithy calls after them.) Hey! Where do you think you are going? Thats no way for Bondi Surf Lifesavers to act! Youre supposed to be courageous!
Ginger and Felix stop their retreat and face Smithy, Felix hiding slightly behind Ginger.
Ginger: Were NOT Surf Lifesavers
Felix: and this ISNT Bondi.
Smithy: Isnt it?
Ginger and Felix say the following at exactly the same time:
Smithy: Blast! I WAS trying to get to the Bondi Surf Bathers Life Saving Club. I need them to help with a RESCUE. (Pauses as if remembering) They rescued me from the surf, you know, when I was about your age. The Bondi Surf Bathers Life Saving Club was the first one of its kind in the world. Formed in nineteen hundred and six. Lucky for me, eh? (Pauses again to return to his previous thought) But youre NOT lifesavers, you say?
Ginger and Felix shake their heads vigorously.
Ginger: (With energy.) No! Were not lifesavers, this is not nineteen hundred and six, and youre NOWHERE NEAR Bondi!
Smithy: Double blast! This time travel business is harder than I thought. What year is it?
Felix: The year 2000*. (*Or replace 2000 with whichever is the present year e.g. The year 2001.)
Smithy: Oh, I see. Dear me! One stopover used up. You two will have to return with me. I cant waste a stopover. Come on! (Smithy moves towards his plane.)
Felix: Return where?
Smithy: Long story. Ill tell you on the way, but come on! Australias future is at stake and theres no time to lose! (Exit stage right to go to the plane to remove seaweed etc., getting ready for take-off.)
Ginger: Is this guy crazy? Does he SERIOUSLY think we are going anywhere with him in that HEAP-of-a plane?
Felix: Ginger! That HEAP is the SOUTHERN CROSS.
Felix: So! Its Australias most famous three-engined Fokker!
Ginger: (Raising an eyebrow) So?
Felix: So! It carried Smithy(pauses to explain) Sir Charles Kingsford Smithalong with Charles Ulm and two American crewmen in the FIRST flight EVER across the Pacific Ocean!
Ginger: Felix, how long ago WAS this?
Felix: Well, lets see Um Smithy disappeared over the Bay of Bengal in 1935, on a flight from
Ginger: See! The plane IS a HEAP if it ditched him in the Bay of Bengal in 1935!
Felix: No! Listenhe wasnt flying in the Southern Cross on THAT flight. He was in the LADY Southern Cross. It was seven years earlier, in 1928, that the Southern Cross was the first plane to cross the Pacific from California to Brisbane (via Hawaii and Suva). They did it in 83 hours and 38 minutes of flying time!
(Ginger, during Felixs long speech, sighs, rolls her eyes, gently shakes her head and adopts a resigned expression. She is used to the way Felix goes on and ON when he is displaying his knowledge on a particular topic. Felix continues his speech.) Then the Southern Cross flew non-stop from Point Cook in Victoria to Perth in Western Australia! And THAT was the FIRST non-stop, trans-Australian flight. The Southern Cross didnt end up in the Bay of Bengal! As a matter of fact it was out on the tarmac at Essendon airport for years and now I think its in a museum somewhere.
Ginger: Well, this doesnt look like a museum to me!
Smithy: (Enters) Look here, you two, Ive told you that the future of Australia is at stake! Now will you hurry up?
Ginger: Listen Mister Smithy
Felix: Um thats SIR Smithy, actually, Ginger
Ginger: (To Felix) Yeah, whatever. (To Smithy) Now I dont know what makes you think we COULD help you, even if we wanted to, but theres NO WAY Im getting into that bucket-of-a plane, with a COMPLETE stranger, when I have NO IDEA what any of this is all about!
Smithy: Im afraid its all rather hard to explain You see Ive just travelled back in time from the year twenty-thirty-eight, where the Intergalactic Court of Appeal is about to decide whether or not to EXTERMINATE the entire country of Australia FOREVER!
Felix: How terrible! They CANT DO THAT!
Smithy: Im very much afraid they can! And they WILL, unless WE can win our case(pauses to explain) er youll have to help me, (switches back to previous story)its up to US to prove that Australia has something to be really proud of. We have to find WITNESSESimportant Australianswho can give evidence to the Court that shows why Australia deserves to stay in the space-time continuum. Now we must hurry! The Court is only adjourned for a DAY, in twenty-thirty-eight time, and weve got a whole CENTURY to cover!
Ginger: Time travel! Did you say youve travelled through time? Prove it!
Felix: (Taking Ginger aside) Ginger, how else would you explain the fact that Charles Kingsford Smith, who went MISSING, presumed (drops his voice to a whisper) DEAD, (raises his voice again to normal volume) in 1935 is standing here with us now?
Ginger: Hmmm youve got a point. (Thinks for a second.) Time travel, hey? Amazing! This could be fun! (Ginger runs towards the plane where Smithy is already seated trying to get its engines started.)
Felix: This could be dangerous, you mean. (The engines fire up and Smithy gestures to both of them to hurry up.) Im not too sure that this is a good idea.
Ginger: (Shouting over her shoulder) You dont want Australia to be wiped out, do you, Felix?
Felix: Of course not. (Still not looking too sure about the idea.)
Ginger: Well, come on, then!
Smithy: Push me around so that I am heading into the wind. Then we can take off! Come on!
Ginger moves to the rear of the plane and starts to push, then gestures impatiently for Felix to help. Felix throws his hands up in despair, and goes to the plane to assist. They push the Southern Cross off stage right. Sound of plane taking off. Use sound effects or Chorus voices. BLACKOUT.
While flying, Kingsford Smith explained (at
least, as best he could)
The inter-stellar lunacy he HAD to stop for good.
He told the two about the case
that he would need
And how he could call witnesses to help him in the deed.
He had to find Australians whod made
themselves a name
To tell the court the reasons why Australia should remain.
Still ringing loud in Smithys head
Advance Australia Fair
Gave Felix his first inkling of a plan with certain flair!
If they could use the lyrics of
Australias national song
Theyd have ideas for THEMES to use to help their case along.
Australians all could be one
theme, and next, theres Young and free,
Then Golden soil and wealth for toil preceding Girt by sea.
Theyd follow suit with
Natures giftstheres much potential there
And finally, theyd clinch the case with Advance Australia fare.
Place: a music-video recording studio
somewhere in Melbourne.
Time: the 1980s.
Director, Kylie and Backups are on stage rehearsing. Fade in with the song Locomotion playing.
Director: (Sitting in directors chair) Cut! CUT! (Leaps up, struts gracefully on to the dance floor, and goes over to Kylie) Im sorry Kylie, love, were going to have to do that again.
(Kylie does not seem to particularly like being called love by the Director.) One of the dancers was wrong-footed. (Goes over to Backup 1 to demonstrate the moves) Start on the right and its step, step, ball-change, step! Got it?
Backup 1: Sorry. (Does a few practice moves, copying the Director.)
Kylie: (To Director) Can we try it from the top again this time, love?
Director: Sure thing. (Counts and claps in time to the beat of the song) Five , six , five, six, seven, eight.
Track of Locomotion starts to play. Kylie and the dancers begin.
Kylie: (Singing and dancing) Everybodys doin a brand new dance now.
Chorus: (Singing and dancing) Come on baby, do the locomotion.
Kylie: (Singing and dancing) I know youre gonna like it if you give it a chance now.
Chorus: (Singing and dancing) Come on baby, do the locomotion.
Director: Cut! Cut! Whats that? (Looking up and listening.)
Kylie and all Backups look up too.
Sound of aeroplane engines. Use sound effects or Chorus voices. BLACKOUT.
Please note. Dance ideas for Scene 3:
In the school trial of this play, the students of grade 5/6D at Mackellar Primary School, Delahey, Victoria used the following choreography:
Everybodys doin a brand new dance now.
Arms: (Both arms) With arms bent at 90 degrees, circular motions like the wheels of a train
Legs: (Right) step, (left) step, (right-left) ball-change, (right) step bringing feet back together
Come on baby, do the locomotion.
Arms: (Both arms) Beckoning with index fingers, circular motions like the wheels of a train
Legs: (Both legs) Knees bent right knee forward, left knee forward
Chorus: (voices only)
So back another 20 years the rescuers now
In the nineteen-sixties they descend through clouds of history.
Place: a New South Wales prison.
Time: the 1960s.
The Warder is on stage when the lights come up. Mum Shirl enters.
Mum Shirl: Im here to visit Jimmy Smith.
Warder: Who are you?
Mum Shirl: Im his Mum.
Warder: (Suddenly remembering) Hold on, I remember you. You were in LAST week to see Prisoner Number 567093.
Mum Shirl: Thats right. Im HIS Mum too.
Warder: and what about, Prisoner Number 563214?
Mum Shirl: Yeah
Mum Shirl and the Warder say the following at exactly the same time:
Mum Shirl Im HIS Mum TOO!
Warder: Youre HIS Mum TOO!
The Warder freezes as Felix, Ginger, Smithy and Kylie approach Mum Shirl from behind.
Mum Shirl: (To the Warder) Excuse me, are you all right? (Waving her hand in front of his face.)
Ginger: Sorry, WE did that.
Mum Shirl: Did what?
Ginger: We froze the Warder. Whenever we turn up, time freezes for everybody except the one person we need.
Mum Shirl: What do you mean need?
Ginger: We need you to help us SAVE Australia.
Mum Shirl: (Letting out a Huh of scorn.) Ive got enough to do trying to help a few AustraliANS! I mean, not only do I have all my prison visiting to do, Ive got a foster child at home
Felix: (Explaining to Ginger) By the time she has finished, Mum Shirl will have fostered over 60 Aboriginal children.
Mum Shirl: (Looks at Felix as if hes very odd, then continues) Im sorry but I havent got the time.
Smithy: Actually, time is one thing you DO have. Until we take you to testify in the year twenty-thirty-eight and then deliver you back here, time will be frozen in this dimension.
Mum Shirl: Pardon?
Felix: Weve travelled back in time to collect witnesses to save Australia. So UNTIL you come into the FUTURE with us, and give evidence at the Intergalactic Court of Appeal, we cant bring you back to the PRESENT, and time wont start again in this dimension.
Mum Shirl: (Scratching her head.) This dimension? (pause) What?
Kylie: Yeah! I didnt get that part either!
Felix: (Trying to explain despite his impatience to get moving.) Look! Our arrival in your time zone has created a fourth-dimensional-hiatus anomaly. This anomaly will pause life indefinitely until we all LEAVE this time, travel to the FUTURE and then RE-ENTER this time zone again. Its a safeguard, you see, (explains further) a time-travel safety protocol, that allows us to travel back in time without affecting the space-time continuum or messing up the future. (Felix sees blank faces looking back at him. His voice gradually gets louder with each sentence as his frustration grows.) If life were to go on here WITHOUT YOU, you would be missed you might not be able to do something you were MEANT to do. Similarly if time went on WITH US still here, we might do something that WASNT meant to happen. Your absence and for that matter, our presence could distort the timeline. So you see, when we arrive in a new time zone, all around (gestures around with his hands) us, EVERYTHING STOPS in the space-time continuum! (Desperately trying to make them understand, he shows them his wristwatch.) See, my watch has stopped!
Mum Shirl and Kylie look at each other, shrug their shoulders and SLOWLY say the following at the same time:
Kylie: Oh! The space-time continuum!
Mum Shirl: Oh! The space-time continuum! (But Mum Shirl continues to look suspiciously at Felix.)
Kylie: (Suddenly realising what has happened, she takes a breath of surprise.) THATS why the whole studio just stopped when these guys walked in? (To Mum Shirl) Everyone except me was frozen. At first I thought they were playing a big joke on me, but after sitting around waiting for what felt like a whole DAY, I figured I might as well come and help.
Mum Shirl: So, youre telling me that life here is on permanent pause until I help you? (They all nod.) And WHY is it, exactly, that Australia needs saving?
Ginger: Oh Mum Shirl, its terrible! The Intergalactic Council Controlling Universal Population
Mum Shirl: Excuse you!
Felix: No, its CALLED ICCUP for short!
Mum Shirl: (Not convinced by all this talk of intergalactic time travel.) Oh, of course.
Ginger: Yeah, well anyway Mum Shirl, in the future the Universe gets so overcrowded that these ICCUP guys decide that the ONLY way they can solve their problems is to WIPE OUT whole COUNTRIES, to free up a bit of space, and the next one on their list is OURS(pauses for breath) AUSTRALIA! And unless WE can show the Intergalactic Court of Appeal something from Australias PAST we can be proud of, we will have NO FUTURE! Theyll exterminate Australia then RECYCLE it so they can REUSE the natural resources!!!
Mum Shirl: (Still not believing all this rubbish about intergalactic time travel, she responds to Gingers energetic speech in a gentle tone with this understatement:) Sounds bad.
Kylie: Look, Mum Shirl, I didnt believe them either, but when I got into that plane of Smithys, it was the eightiesnow its the sixties! I know this whole thing is BEYOND WEIRD but trust me, nothings going to happen around here if we sit and wait.
Mum Shirl: (Still somewhat reluctant) Well, I spose wed better get moving.
EXEUNT (Exit all). BLACKOUT.
So, zooming in and out the years brave
Smithy flies apace
Still searching for more witnesses to help him plead their case.
They found an entertainer first, to speak
for Natures Gifts
Mum Shirl to show Australians All can give the case a lift
A sailor, called Kay Cottee, now can tell of
Girt By Sea
A soldier AND a doctor, Weary DunlopYoung and Free
For Golden Soil
farmers duly found to take the reins.
Their time-travel is almost doneONE stopover remains.
One final representative, to pluck from this
Who, for Advance Australia, will give the evidence.
Place: Antarctica, the home of the blizzard.
Time: the year 1912.
The sound of the wind whistling through the icy expanses of Antarctica sets the scene. Use sound effects or Chorus voices. Mawson is stumbling along, dragging his sled through the snow.
Enter Felix, Ginger, Smithy, Kylie, Mum Shirl, Kay Cottee, Gustav Weindorfer and Weary Dunlop.
Mawson: (Looks up and sees them) Im saved! I cant believe it!
Smithy: Douglas Mawson?
Mawson: Who else would it be out here in Antarctica? Youve come to rescue me, havent you? Our land expedition, the Far Eastern expedition, from the Commonwealth Bay base, has been a DISASTER. We were 310 miles
Felix: Thats 500 kilometres.
Mawson: (Looks at Felix, catches his breath, and waits for him to stop.) As I was saying, we were 310 miles out from base and one of my fellow explorers, a man called Ninnis, crashed through the lid of a large crevasse and disappeared with dogs and sled.
Felix: (He gasps. His eyes are wide open.) No!
Mawson: Ninnis was dead and without the supplies on that sled Mertz(explaining) the other explorerand I were left without enough food to survive. For twenty-five days Mertz and I headed for base together. (Mawson looks upset.) One by one, we had to eat our sled-dogs to stay alive.
Ginger goes over to investigate Mawsons sled.
Smithy: It was a journey (pause to emphasize the next word) dogged by tragedy, you might say.
Felix, Kylie, Mum Shirl, Kay Cottee, Gustav Weindorfer and Weary Dunlop all react to this very sick joke, looking at Smithy in disbelief.
Mawson: (Looks angry at first, then takes a deep breath and just seems sad.) Mertz died too and I had to carry on alone. I cut my sled in half with my pocket saw, left everything I didnt need behind
Ginger: (Interrupting. She has been investigating the items on the sled and picks up Mawsons journal of scientific records.) What did you need a book for?
Mawson: The whole reason for my being here is for science. Getting back with my life, but without my work, would be useless! All this would have been for NOTHING(pauses to explain) Mertz and Ninnis would have died in vain.
Felix: (Joining Ginger at the sled and picking up geological specimens and journal.) And besides, Ginger, the books and samples really arent very heavy.
Mawson: Anyway, I dragged what was left of the sled for the last 100 miles, but I missed the ship(pauses to give the name of the vessel) the Aurorasee, (pointing offstage) THERE it is on the horizon, and I thought, after everything Id been through, Id die here. Then you appeared! But wait a minutehow did you get hereand who are you?
By this time, Felix, Ginger, Smithy, Kylie, Mum Shirl, Kay Cottee, Gustav Weindorfer and Weary Dunlop are all starting to look very cold; they stamp their feet, hug themselves and breathe warm air on their hands etc.
Smithy: (Although freezing cold, he is always polite.) Allow me to do the introductions(Takes a deep breath and gestures to each character as he says their name.) Douglas Mawson this is Felix, Ginger, Kylie Minogue, Mum Shirl, Kay Cottee, Gustav Weindorfer and Edward Weary Dunlop. Oh, and (putting his hand on his chest) Im (holds his right hand out to shake hands) Charles Kingsford Smith. But its rather chilly out herelets get back to the plane, shall we, and we can get to know one another on the trip.
Place: the Intergalactic Court of Appeal.
Time: the year 2038.
Space music played on a synthesizer, sound effects CD or using Chorus voices.
The Defence is about to make its case. All six witnesses, Kylie, Mum Shirl, Kay Cottee, Gustav Weindorfer, Weary Dunlop and Douglas Mawson, are assembled in the courtroom. They all swear to tell the truth together in a single ceremony.
Court Clerk: Do you swear, on your HONOUR as significant Australians and on the very SURVIVAL of the country of Australia, Planet Earth, that the evidence you are about to give will be the truth, the whole truth and nothing but the truth?
All Six Witnesses say the following together:
Kylie: I do.
Mum Shirl: I do.
Kay Cottee: I do.
Gustav Weindorfer: I do.
Weary Dunlop: I do.
Douglas Mawson: I do.
Australian Judge: Call your first witness, Smithy.
Smithy: Ah, right-ho ah I mean thank-you. The Defence calls Kylie Minogue.
Kylie takes the witness stand.
Court Clerk: Please state your name and occupation.
Kylie: My name is Kylie Minogue. I am an internationally famous Australian entertainer. My debut album, Kylie, sold more than 12 million copies, and was top of the pop charts in 20 countries around the world. Im here to represent Natures Gifts.
Ginger: Thanks, Kyles, for taking the time out of your busy rehearsal schedule to be here today.
Kylie: Yeah, well its not as if I had much choice under the circumstances!
Judge 3: Speaking of TIMEyours is running out, Ginger.
Felix: Yes, forgive us, Your Worships. Ms Minogue, please tell the Court about something of which Australia can be really proud.
(During Kylies evidence members of the Chorus can act out aspects of her story, telling the tale in mime. See Staging the Play: Ideas for Costume and Set Design for suggestions.)
Kylie: Let me begin my evidence by saying that natures gifts in Australia are sometimes good and sometimes bad. Nature has given us some wonderful sports people and artists who have brought credit to Australia in the way they have represented our nation on the world stage. But nature can be very harsh too. We regularly experience bushfires, floods, cyclones, droughts but these tragedies bring out the best in people too. Take for example Cyclone Tracy. Early on the morning of the 25th of December 1974 the worst natural disaster to affect an Australian city destroyed most of Darwin.
Ginger: What happened?
Kylie: For six hours the terrifying winds of tropical Cyclone Tracy ripped through the city, reaching speeds of 217 kilometres per hour before the wind gauges broke or were blown away!
Felix: Such strong winds must have caused a lot of damage! Can you describe it?
Kylie: Roofs were torn from houses and went spinning through the air; buildings collapsed; and cars, trucks and even railway carriages were sent flying!
Ginger: Was anyone hurt?
Kylie: Yes, Im afraid they were. Fifty people were killed in the city and 112 were seriously injured. A further 16 people died at sea because of the cyclone.
Ginger: How did they die?
Kylie: Some of them were killed by flying debris...
Judge 2: (Interrupting Kylie) Why didnt they take cover?
Kylie: Some of them DIDonly to be crushed in their houses or cars. You see, the first winds hit at late the night before; then there was a lull at about 2.30a.m.people might have thought the cyclone had moved on.
Judge 1: Im sure it was all VERY sad, but WHAT IS IT about Cyclone Tracy that Australia has to be PROUD of?
Kylie: I was just getting to that, Your Worship. The cyclone almost destroyed Darwin...
Felix: (Standing) About 90 per cent of the town needed rebuilding (sits).
Kylie: Thats right. So after Cyclone Tracy, peoples homes were in RUINS, they had no shelter and there was a danger that rotting food (pauses to explain) everyone had stocked up for the Christmas holidaywould cause all kinds of diseases.
Felix: (Standing) Rescuers had to come in and help the people of Darwin (sits).
Kylie: More than two-thirds of the towns population of 47,000 people were airlifted to emergency accommodation, people with injuries were treated, and volunteers helped to clean up the UNBELIEVABLE mess. (Pauses for dramatic effect and takes a big breath.) And THIS is what Australia has to be really proud of (pauses to make sure all the Judges are listening)in the face of disaster, its people band together and help each other out. Thank you.
Felix: Thank you, Kylie. The Defence now calls Gustav Weindorfer.
Court Clerk: Please state your name and occupation.
Weindorfer: My name is Gustav Weindorfer. I migrated to Australia from Austria in 1900. Im here to speak on behalf of Golden soil, wealth for toil because I was a pretty good farmer. More important however was the work I did in 1922 in convincing the Tasmanian government to create a reserve
Judge 5: Whats that?
Australian Judge: A National Park.
Judge 5: Ah, I see. (To Australian Judge) Thank you. (To Weindorfer) Tell me, where was this Reserve?
Weindorfer: It was the region stretching from Cradle Mountain to Lake St Clair.
There is a spontaneous outburst of applause from all the Australians, including the Australian Judge.
Gustav Weindorfer: (Taking a small bow.) Thank you.
The Judges join in the applause and Judges 2, 4 and 5 say the following at roughly the same time:
Judge 2: Bravo!
Judge 4: Encore!
Judge 5: Hmmm Cradle Mountain sounds nice.
Judge 6: What did he do?
Judge 3: (Hitting the gavel on the bench.) Order!
Australian Judge: (Regaining judicial composure.) Yes. Ahem. Highly commendable but please continue.
Weindorfer: Sorry. Yes. As I said I represent Golden soil, wealth for toil so Im here today to talk about how the land gives us wealth when we work hard.
Judge 4: How does it do that?
Weindorfer: I will give you one example. One of the most important minerals mined in Australia is iron ore. The discovery of more than 20,000 million tonnes of iron ore in the Pilbara region of north-western Australia was a significant event in Australias mining history because, not only was this deposit of iron ore HUGE, but it was of a very high quality.
Judge 4: What do you DO with it?
Weindorfer: You can refine it to make steel for railway tracks, buildings, all kinds of machines
Judge 3: (Interrupting) Yes, yes we get the picture.
Weindorfer: This deposit was so important because there was more than enough for Australian manufacturers to use, as well as plenty left over to sell to other countries. This created many jobs in Australia, and brought more money into the country.
Judge 5: How is stumbling across a valuable metal anything to be proud of?
Weindorfer: I think the LAND of Australia can be proud that it is such a good place for its people to live! Im just trying to tell you about one of the ways Australias golden soil has provided jobswealth for toil if you likethat help to make it a good place to live.
Australian Judge: Hes right, about that you know, My Learned ColleagueAustralia IS a good place to live inthe landscape and the climate have something for everyone: tropical rainforests, beautiful beaches, rugged mountain ranges, breathtaking valleys
Judge 6: (Getting interested) Does it have burbling purple geegelbob swamps like Lymmorxia Prime?
Australian Judge: Ah, well, of course theres nothing QUITE like the geegelbob swamps anywhere else in the Universe
Judge 6: (Wistfully) I do like the swamps of Lymmorxia Prime.
Judge 3: (Impatient with other Judges.) Has anybody any more questions for this witness?
Felix: Nothing further, Your Worship.
Judge 3: Lets proceed, then, shall we? Call your next witness.
Felix: The next witness for the Defence is Kay Cottee.
Court Clerk: Please state your name and occupation.
Kay Cottee: My name is Kay Cottee and I represent Girt by sea because I was the first woman in the world to sail single-handed non-stop around the world.
Judge 6: Did you sail alone?
Kay Cottee: Yes, Your Worship.
Judge 6: Without the aid of a boat?!
Kay Cottee: Oh no, Your Worship! I sailed in my yacht. She was named First Lady and I set off late in 1987, and completed my round-the-world journey in 189 days.
Smithy: You should have borrowed my aeroplane. It would have been much quicker!
Kay Cottee: Thank you Smithy, but the point was to sail, not fly.
Felix: Would you please present your evidence, Ms Cottee.
(During Cottees evidence members of the Chorus can act out aspects of her story, telling the tale in mime. See Staging the Play: Ideas for Costume and Set Design for suggestions.)
Kay Cottee: Certainly. Im here today to tell you about the worlds first official surf lifesaving club. In February 1906, a group of three surfers decided to form the Bondi Surf Bathers Life Saving Club, so that they could keep watch and help each other out if anyone got into trouble in the surf. From the beginning its lifesavers were volunteers, a proud tradition that continues to this day (suddenly realising that she has time-travelled to the future, she gets confused, unsure whether there are any Surf Lifesavers in 2038) well, MY day er when I last left Australia, anyway
Judge 5: (Slipping down from seat and disappearing underneath bench.) This witness is losing me!
Kay Cottee: Oh! Sorry! Where was I? Ah yes. The Bondi club also invented a rescue line that was portable (describing the reel, she raises both arms and mimes the action of reeling out the line) it was a reel of rope attached to a small stand. (Has another thought.) Oh, and by the way, in January 1907, members of the Bondi club rescued a small boy named Charles Kingsford Smith.
All Witnesses and Judges react with interest to this coincidence.
Judge 6: Is that so?
Smithy: (Standing, clears his throat. Looks embarrassed.) Thats true Your Worship.
Judge 3: Please continue.
Kay Cottee: By the time of the 75th anniversary of surf lifesaving in Australia, lifesavers were responsible for 264,536 rescues. The most incredible rescue was at Bondi Beach on Black Sunday on the 6th of February 1938 when 200 surfers were swept out to sea. Nearly 80 surf club members helped in the mass rescue and they saved almost everyone (only five out of the 200 people washed out to sea drowned).
Judge 3: Hmmm, very laudable, Im sure. Thank you. Can we have the next witness?
Felix: Certainly. Weary Dunlop, would you please take the witness stand.
Weary: (Standing) Take it where?
Everyone else in the courtroom groans at the pathetically weak joke.
Weary steps up to the witness stand.
Court Clerk: Please state your name and occupation.
Weary: My name is Edward Dunlop, but I am better known as Weary, which is a nickname I got while I was at university.
Australian Judge: How did you get the nickname Weary?
Weary: It was borrowed at the time from a claim made by Dunlop Rubber that their tyres never (pauses to emphasise next word) WEAR out. (The Australians all laugh politely along with Weary but the Judges are not amused. Particularly impatient is Judge 3.)
Australian Judge: You had best get on with it.
Weary: Yes, of course. Im a doctor but during World War Two I was also a soldier, which is why Im representing Young and Free.
Judge 3: (Always interested in anything to do with armies, Judge 3 takes an interest for the first time since the scene began.) A soldier, you say? Tell me what you did in the war.
Weary: In 1943 I was captured by the Japanese and had to work with other prisoners of war on the infamous Burma-Thai railway. In TERRIBLE conditions I gave medical help to ill and injured prisoners.
Judge 3 loses interest when Weary starts talking about helping sick people.
Judge 4: Without fear of punishment?
Weary shrugs as if to say One did what one had to do
Felix: Weary is being too modest. In the end his bravery and humanity earned the respect, not only of his fellow prisoners, but also of his Japanese captors. Now, perhaps you could tell the court about the way Australia became a nation through Federation.
Judge 4: Feder-what-shun?, did you say?
Weary: Federation, Your Worship. Before the 1st of January 1901 Australia the nation did not really exist.
Judge 6: What do you mean, did not exist? The land itself is millions of years old!
Felix: Yes, Your Worship, but even though Gondwanaland, as the great southern land mass is known, has been around for millions of years
Ginger: (Interrupting Felix.) and even though Aboriginal peoples have lived on this land mass longer than anyone can remember
Weary: (Takes over from Ginger.) Australia the NATION is very young indeed!
Judge 5: So, HOW was this nation made?
Weary: Australia, the nation, was created when six separate colonies became states and were united(pauses to explain) that is, federated.
Judge 5: What was so good about Federation?
Weary: By working together the states could become stronger than separate colonies alone. They would pool their resources to look after defence, immigration, local industry and trade. Together they could achieve common safety, common population managementand a COMMONWEALTH!
Judge 5: Didnt they cooperate before?
Weary: Well, they tended to compete a bit, actuallyand to treat each other with suspicion. Take this example of what it was like travelling between colonies before Federation. A family was travelling interstate from Adelaide on an express train. When they arrived in Melbourne they had their luggage searched at customs in front of railway porters and other travellers
Judge 5: How embarrassing! That happened to me once when I travelled to Stumglypto*in the fourth quadrant. Two VERY RUDE customs officers rifled through ALL my things in front of EVERYONE! I mean! All your personal thingstoiletries, teddy bears, your UNDIESout there on public display!! YEEP**, was my face GREEN with embarrassment!
*Stumglypto (pronounced stum-glip- toe) is a
holiday resort planet.
**The word, yeep is a mild oath in the Stumglyptan language.
Weary: Im sure it WAS, Your Worship.
Judge 2: Arent there HUNDREDS of NATIONS on your Planet Earth? Surely they must have got together to cooperate too! Whats special about Australia?
Weary: Lots of countries on our planet had to go through dreadful civil wars before they achieved nationhood. Gradually, deliberately andperhaps what brings us most credit as a nationPEACEFULLY, the people of the six separate colonies CHOSE to be a single nation. As an old soldier I can tell you that anything so great as nationhood, achieved without bloodshed, is a very significant achievement indeed.
Smithy: Thank you, Weary. The next witness for the Defence is Shirley Smith.
Mum Shirl steps up to the witness stand.
Judge 1: Are you any relation to Charles Kingsford Smith?
Mum Shirl and all the other Australians, witnesses and judge, say the following together:
Mum Shirl: Yeah! Im his Mum!
Other Australians: Yeah, shes his Mum!
All the Australians erupt in spontaneous laughter.
Judge 4: Witnesses PLEASE!
Mum Shirl: Beg your pardon. Im not really his mother!
Court Clerk: Please state your name and occupation.
Mum Shirl: My name is Colleen Shirley Smith, but I am better known as Mum Shirl. I represent Australians All because of my work amongst Aboriginal people. My welfare work started from visits to my brother in jail.
Australian Judge: When was that?
Mum Shirl: That was in the 1940s. He asked me to visit some of the other prisoners because they were very worried about the welfare of their relatives on the outside. Then they asked if I could go round and SEE their relatives so I could go back to the jails and tell the prisoners know how their families were.
Judge 4: (In utter disbelief.) Do you mean your country allows VISITORS into jails? How ODD! What did you DO there?
Mum Shirl: I just talked to em.
Judge 4: Most peculiar! Tell me, how did you get IN?
Mum Shirl: I got in to see the prisoners by telling the warders I was their mum!
Judge 4: No, no, no! I mean how does a living, breathing person get into a cryogenic stasis chamber and talk to a FROZEN prisonerand, for that matter(pauses for emphasis) WHY?
Australian Judge: Ah, if I may just explain they dont use Cryogenic Suspended Rehabilitation on Australian prisoners.
Judge 4: You mean they dont freeze them and re-configure their brainwave patterns to prevent them from re-offending?
Australian Judge: Er, no.
Judge 4: Why ever not? Its far more cost-effective than feeding them.
Ginger: (Losing patience with the Judges.) Yeah, well, anyway Mum Shirl, didnt the guards get suspicious when you kept turning up all the time, pretending to be everybodys mother? Didnt they ever ask just how many children you had?
Mum Shirl: Yeah! (Laughing) But later I was granted a lifetime visitors pass to all New South Wales jails.
Felix: Mum Shirl, in 1971 you helped to set up legal, medical and welfare services for Aboriginal people in Redfern, Sydney. Weve asked you to represent Australians All by telling the court about another service that helps people in Australia. Will you please tell us about Australias Flying Doctor Service.
Mum Shirl: Sure. In some country areas of Australia people live hundreds of kilometres away from the nearest doctor or hospital. Before telephones were widely available, it was nearly impossible to get medical help in an emergency in the outback
Judge 1: How did they contact the doctor, then?
Mum Shirl: An engineer in Adelaide designed a pedal wirelessyou could generate enough electricity to send a message in Morse code by pedalling with your feet.
Judge 2: And how did the doctors get to the patients in these remote areas?
Mum Shirl: The airline Qantas made an aeroplane available. In 1928 John Flynn set up the Australian Inland Mission Aerial Medical Service at Cloncurry in Queensland. This was later called the Flying Doctor Service, and other similar organisations developed around Australia. I think this Flying Doctor Service is something we Australians can all be very proud of.
All of the Australians give Mum Shirl a round of applause.
Judge 3: Is there anything else?
Felix: Just one more witness, Your Worship. (To Mawson.) Sir Douglas Mawson.
Court Clerk: Please state your name and occupation.
Mawson: My name is Douglas Mawson and I represent Advance Australia becausewell (a bit embarrassed)I have been CALLED one of the most outstanding explorers of the twentieth century.
Felix: Now youre being too modest, Sir Dougas! Your exploration secured Australias vast Antarctic Territory!
Mawson: But my REAL work(explaining) the REASON I exploredwas to discover more about science!
Felix: (Enthusiastically) Yes, and in 1928, your Australasian Antarctic Expedition of 1911-1913 was judged the greatest-ever scientific expedition to Antarctica!
Mawson: Actually it wasnt all good news but never mind that now. I am here today to tell you about a really significant scientific discovery made by an Australian working in Britain in the middle of the twentieth century. During World War II a new wonder drug for treating infections was found.
(During Mawsons evidence members of the Chorus can act out aspects of his story, telling the tale in mime. See Staging the Play: Ideas for Costume and Set Design for suggestions.)
Judge 6: What was this drug?
Mawson: It was called penicillin and it was based on a mould that killed certain types of bacteria (germs) that caused deadly diseases like tuberculosis (TB) and pneumonia. Scientists in Britain had only just worked out how to turn this mould into a treatment for patients.
Judge 4: Who was the Australian?
Mawson: Howard Florey. He was one of the scientists who found out how to use penicillin to treat infections by making antibiotics.
Ginger: (To Mawson.) Tell them about CSL.
Mawson: Right you are. In Australia the Commonwealth Serum LaboratoriesCSLbegan manufacturing penicillin on a large scale in 1943. First it had to supply the armed forces so that soldiers, sailors and aircrew who got injured and sick could be treated. By 1944 CSL was also able to make supplies available to the civilian population.
Ginger: (With pride) Yeah and AUSTRALIA was the FIRST country in the WORLD to make this miracle drug widely available to civilians.
Mawson: Yes, and this saved many lives. Now I think thats a scientific advance to be really proud of.
Judge 3: Well, if thats all your evidence, then, lets hurry up and THROW OUT the appeal (All the other Judges show their horror and disapproval to think that Judge 3 has already made up his mind before the case is over. Judge 3 pauses, remembers that this was meant to be a fair trial, and reads from the Intergalactic Court of Appeal Rule Book for Judges.)
er, I mean carefully and impartially reach our judgement.
Australian Judge: (Frowning at Judge 3.) I think youre forgetting the summing-up speech!
Judge 3, a little surprised, flicks backwards a few pages to find and read the rule about summing-up.
Please note: It is an objective of this project to have participating students write:
Class Activity: Part 1: You write the speech
The task: Smithy, Ginger and Felix have to sum up Australias case in a speech.
a) To help write the speech, ask yourself the following question:
Q. In the evidence in Scene 6, what are the six things of which Australia can be proud?
In the summing-up speech, include a brief reminder of the six things-to-be-proud-of that were given as evidence:
b) You could try putting the list of things-to-be-proud-of in order. Place the piece of evidence that you think is the strongest LAST. Youll create a BIG FINISH by keeping your best argument for last! Place the piece of evidence that you consider to be the least important FIRST, and so on.
c) Give part of the speech to each of the three characters (Smithy, Ginger and Felix).
d) The speech must convince the Judges that Australia has something to be proud of, so remember to use persuasive language.
e) From all the speeches written by students in your class you will need to choose one to use in your performance of the play.
f) Paste the chosen summing-up speech into the play.
Part 2: This is YOUR courtroom YOUR decision is final!
Will Australia be allowed to stay in the space-time continuum, or will it be erased from the Universe FOREVER?
The task: After the summing-up speech is chosen, you have to decide as a class what the Judges verdict will be.
a) To help you to decide, discuss:
b) Give reasons for your decision and take a vote if necessary.
c) Write dialogue that gives the Judges final decision. The decision will indicate to you how to act out the final moments of the play. Depending on whether or not Australia wins the appeal, we imagine the Australians will be either:
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